Subtropical to alpine

The rolling densely forested hills and broad Dun valleys of the Terai along with other parts of the country, were formerly renowned for their abundance and variety of wildlife. Though somewhat depleted as a result of agricultural settlements, deforestation, poaching and other causes, Nepal can still boast richer and more varied flora and fauna than any other area in Asia.

Vegetation zones

As you trek in Nepal, you will notice marked changes in the surrounding trees, plants and shrubs as you gain altitude. The vegetation in the Himalayas can be broken up into six categories. These are Tropical, Subtropical, Lower Temperate, Upper Temperate, Subalpine and Alpine.

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Flowers and plants

Although Nepal is a small country it boasts a huge diversity of plant species because of its enormous range of habitats. Although most famous for the alpine vegetation of its high mountains, Nepal rises from subtropical lowland forests only 60 m above sea level.

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Wildlife and animals

Wildlife diversity is a notable feature of Nepal. Because of the variance in climate, from tropical to arctic, Nepal has a large variety of plants and animals.

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